What is INCI?

International Nomenclature of Cosmetic Ingredients: an explanation.

International Nomenclature of Cosmetic Ingredients

International Nomenclature of Cosmetic Ingredients, international name used to show on labels the different ingredients in a cosmetic product.

It is compulsory to show the INCI on the packaging and the ingredients are shown in decreasing order of the quantity in which they are present.

The INCI names are in English or Latin and it is difficult to find them translated into Italian. We have decided to do so!

To help you read our labels easily, on our cosmetics you will find the translation into italian of the ingredients Seticrei chooses to use.

Timbro Prodotti Cosmetici Naturali

Our skin

Before telling you what Seticrei does not choose and what instead it absolutely chooses for its creams, let us explain how our skin is structured, so that you can understand how important it is to be aware of the products we nourish and defend it with.

The skin is a real organ of our body, made up of three layers:

I 3 strati della pelle:

  • EPIDERMIS: this is a tissue 0.2 mm thick and acts as a barrier.
  • DERMIS: this is connective tissue which is 3.4 mm thick immediately under the epidermis, and which has the sebaceous glands.
  • HYPODERMIS: this is the deepest layer, made up of cells necessary for the biosynthesis of fats.

Skin types:

  • COMBINATION SKIN: skin showing dry spots as well as greasy areas.
  • OILY SKINS: impure skins that have a greater production of sebum with the presence of blackheads, open pores and pimples.
  • SENSITIVE SKINS: skins which turn red due to temperature differences, which suffer from couperose and can even have problems of eczema and psoriasis.
  • DRY SKINS: skins that require a greater supply of hydration than other skins, which show signs of wrinkles and loss of tone.

Everything that we put on the epidermis does not stay on the surface, but is absorbed by the deeper layers, entering into circulation in our body. At every age it is therefore correct and fundamental to use products that are beneficial and not harmful for our body.



Our advice:
Prevention is always better than cure.

Seticrei: what we choose not to include

Seticrei NON utilizza nei propri prodotti:

  • SILICONES: inorganic polymers derived from the combination of silica and petroleum substances, generally their names ends with –thicone, -one, -ane;
  • PETROLATES: a class of compounds obtained from petroleum by distillation, in the INCI they are identified with Mineral Oil, Paraffinum Liquidum, Petrolatum, Propylene glycol, Isopropyl, Vaselina Microcrystalline wax.
  • PARABENS: obtained through a process of esterification of the para-hydroxybenzoic acid with a specific alcohol. Recognizable from items such as methylparaben, ethylparaben, propylparaben, isobutylparaben, butylparaben, benzylparaben and isopropylparaben.
  • PEG: these are Polyethylenglycols and are a class of synthetic laboratory compounds, with a process of polymerization of ethylene oxide. Their name is PEG followed by the number of the moles of ethylene oxide, e.g. PEG-40;
  • MINERAL OILS AND THEIR DERIVATIVES: petrolatum and paraffina liquidum. They are obtained from the distillation of petroleum and fossil carbon.
  • BHA/BHT: Buthylhydroxyanisol (BHA) and buthylhydroxytoluol (BHT) are synthetic preservatives and can cause irritation to the eyes, skin and mucus. They are shown with the abbreviations indicated.
  • SLS Sodium Laureth Sulfate and SLE Sodium Lauryl Sulfate: these are surfactants, i.e. substances which dissolve dirt and make it slide away with water.

Seticrei: what we choose to include

SETICREI selects 100% natural, eco-sustainable and cruelty-free raw materials of the highest quality and includes only 100% pure active ingredients.

What does this mean?

  • NATURAL: means not including any ingredient of chemical origin that can enter into conflict with the respect of our skin, generating allergies, skin reactions etc.
  • PURE: this means including an active ingredients that is 100% pure, it means that it does not undergo any modification in the laboratory. This means real results, precisely because the real benefits of a pure ingredient are used. It means keeping the sensory properties of every single natural ingredient intact. The purity of a single active ingredient contained by a cream is to be distinguished from the percentage of it contained in the same cream.
  • SKIN-COMPATIBLE: means that the natural ingredient is pure and also compatible and tolerated by the epidermis, as it contains similar substances that can be naturally assimilated. Our recipe for each of our products is made up of ingredients that are absolutely 100% natural, with 100% active ingredients and 100% skin compatible.
  • ECO-SUSTAINABILE AND CRUELTY-FREE: we prefer to use glass containers or recycled plastic. Our raw materials do not derive from any type of animal exploitation.

Very subtle pun which make a great difference!

This is where the idea that if a product is natural, 100% pure and skin-compatible, a large quantity in daily application is not necessary comes from, because a small amount or drop of a product contains the maximum of the essence which our skins really need.

It is on this basis that Seticrei has decided to express the best beauty ritual for its clients, making the application faster and obtaining the benefits in the results.

A cream cannot be really effective if it contains a 100% pure ingredient and other ingredients that are not pure. Nor can it be effective if it only contains a single natural but 1% pure ingredient.

A cream can be really effective if it contains totally NATURAL, PURE AND SKIN-COMPATIBLE ingredients. THIS IS OUR IDEA!

Only the union of these three factors in the composition of the INCI ensures that the cream can be really effective to care for your skin and yourself, even though of exclusively natural origin.

Preservatives used

Seticrei cosmetics contain one of the few preservatives accepted by the organic world and considered the safest preservative by the American FDA.

Its name is BENZYL ALCOHOL DEHYDROACETIC ACID.

Seticrei: natural cosmetics

Snail Secretion. This is the mucous trail that the tiny animal leaves in its passage and with which it builds its shell. It is considered as one of the best known and effective substances for the care and regeneration of the epidermis.

Apricot Butter. An ingredient obtained from the hydrogenation of apricot kernel oil. It has skin-nourishing, protective and anti-ageing properties that help keep skin and hair soft and elastic.

Caviar. An ingredient of natural extraction which stimulates cellular renewal and gives compactness to the skin. It contains numerous nourishing substances and excellent fatty acids, easily absorbed by the skin.

Donkey Milk. It is called THE WHITE GOLD of cosmetics for its important virtues against illnesses and ageing. Already highly appreciated by Poppea and Cleopatra who, to keep their skins beautiful, would bathe in donkey milk every day.

Mimosa Tenuiflora. Obtained from the bark of a shrub originally from Mexico, it is called the SKIN TREE for its ability to re-epithelize ulcers and burns.

Argan Oil. The ingredient is extracted by cold pressing the seeds of Argania Spinosa, a plant originally from North Africa. It contains Vitamin E and essential fatty acids which fix elastin and collagen.

Royal Jelly. An ingredient produced by the special pharyngeal glands of nurse bees. It contains phenols, phospholipid waxes and vitamins. It is particularly recommended for elasticizing the skin.

Dead Sea Salts. Extracted from the bed of the Dead Sea, it is the best known mud in the world thanks to the extraordinary and unique combination and the very high content of trace elements.

INCI in italiano dei maggiori componenti di cosmetici naturali

Elementi dell'International Nomenclature of Cosmetic Ingredients (in ordine alfabetico).

# (SOLUZIONE) AQUA

Water.

# (SOLUZIONE) SNAIL SECRETION FILTRATE

Pure secretion of HELIX ASPERSA MULLER, the snail secretion trail that the small gastropod leaves behind and with which it rebuilds its own snail; among the best-known and the most effective natural substances for skincare and epidermis regeneration, its employment alone ensures the supply of an extraordinary cocktail composed of priceless molecules: mucopolysaccharides, allantoin, glycolic acid, collagen, elastin e multivitamin complex A/C/E; thanks to the mucopolysaccharides, it permits to maintain proper skin hydration for longer, to support the tissues favouring the maintenance of extracellular epidermic turgor, it facilitates a transdermal delivery that is deeper compared to the other components and acts as a protective barrier against external aggressions. Thanks to allantoin, characterized by particularly soothing and cicatrizing properties, it counteracts the action of free radicals, it stimulates cell renewal regeneration, it increases the speed healing of small skin wounds and it becomes indispensable to slow down the ageing process. Thanks to glycolic acid and its peeling effect, it provides the removal of surface dead cells allowing better skin oxygenation and a more effective penetration of functional compounds. Moreover, glycolic acid is able to stimulate fibroblasts to produce endogenous elastin and collagen, making a crucial contribution to restore the physiological skin elasticity, and it presents itself as having the quintessential astringent, purifying and smoothing action stimulating the skin to regain its radiance and turgor counteracting wrinkles, spots, acne signs and small scars. Finally, it helps the tissue turnover thanks to peptides, it strengthens its own purifying and regenerating value and plays a primary protection role against the spread of external microorganisms that can alter and damage the health and wellness of the epidermis.

# 4-METHYLBENZYLIDENE CAMPHOR

UVA/UVB sun screen

# ACETYL OCTAPEPTIDE-3 CAPRYLYL GLYCOL

(Snap-8 ®) An innovative and revolutionary peptide which is the result of the in-depth knowledge acquired by modern cosmetics on the mechanisms at the basis of the anti-wrinkle action and a molecule designed specifically to fight lines of expression produced by the contraction of the facial muscles, in particular in the areas of the forehead and eye contour, reducing their extension and depth, it is an effective alternative to the botulin toxin, but is absolutely safe, gentle and without any collateral effect: it has multiple and very interesting cosmetic functions: its myo-relaxing action reduced wrinkles and lines of expression by reducing micro-tensions and micro-contractions of the skin and the cohesion of the cells of the dermis, moisturized in depth increasing the quality and quantity of prostaglandins and glycosaminoglycans naturally present. By encouraging the production of integrins and fighting free radicals, it acts in support of the physiological processes of cellular renewal and, lastly, has significant filmforming properties which induce an immediate surface tensor action, smoothing out the microgrooves of the skin and even making them disappear for a few hours.

# ACHILLEA MILLEFOLIUM EXTRACT

Achillea extract.

# AESCULUS HIPPOCASTANUM BARK EXTRACT

Glyceric extract of horse chestnut. Obtained from the prolonged maceration of the bark of Aesculus Hippocastanum, it contains a high percentage of triterpenic saponins, flavones, flavonoids, purins and vitamins. Of particular importance is the presence of escin and esculin, two saponins with great anti-oedema and vaso-protective actions. Escin, the most important active ingredient, can reduce the activity of elastase and hyaluronidase, enzymes which attack the endothelium of the blood vessels and the extracellular matrix, weakening their structure . Esculin, on the other hand, helps the physiological reabsorption of excess fluids which stagnate due to capillary veins with little elasticity, also showing an outstanding activity of regularizing the venous tone thanks to its components, and specifically recommended for the aesthetic treatments of sensitive and delicate skins as well as anti-adipose and anti-cellulite treatments.

# AESCULUS HIPPOCASTANUM SEED EXTRACT

# ALARIA ESCULENTA EXTRACT

Extract of alaria esculenta, brown seaweed originating from Greenland known for its restructuring properties.

# ALLANTOIN

Allantoin.

# ALOE BARBADENSIS GEL

Aloe vera gel.

# ALOE BARBADENSIS LEAF JUICE

Aloe vera leaf juice.

# ANANAS SATIVUS FRUIT EXTRACT

Glyceric extract of pineapple.

# AQUA

Water.

# AQUA (THERMAL WATER)

Thermal water. Rich in oligoelements with an acidic pH that holds important antibacterial properties.

# ARCTIUM LAPPA ROOT EXTRACT

Glyceric extract of Burdock, a biannual or perennial European herbaceous plant of the family of the Compositeae of medium dimensions and with a sturdy grooved and ramified stalk; the Arctium Lappa has been used as a medicinal ingredient since antiquity, in modern phytotherapy its extract, obtained from the roots picked in the first year before flowering or in late autumn, thanks to the presence of arctic acid, inulin, polyenin, arctipicrin, phytosterols and vitamins of group B, it has an important antiseptic, purifying, astringent and healing action, particularly recommended for oily skins or with specific skin disorders such as acne, seborrheic dermatitis, eczema and psoriasis. Cosmetology also takes advantage of its further draining and detoxing properties.

# ARGANIA SPINOSA OIL

Argan oil.

# AROMA

Essential oils.

# ASCORBIC ACID

Vitamin C.

# ASCORBYL GLUCOSIDE

Vitamin C.

# ASTRAGALUS MEMBRANACEUS ROOT EXTRACT CODONOPSIS PILOSULA EXTRACT POTASSIUM SORBATE SODIUM BENZOATE

(Striover™) Innovativo principio attivo cosmetico specificamente studiato per ridurre al minimo la comparsa e l'evidenza di smagliature, siano esse rosse-violacee (di recente formazione) o bianche e qualunque sia la loro origine, nasce dalla combinazione di due piante comunemente utilizzate nella medicina tradizionale cinese per migliorare il "Qi", il flusso vitale di energia, l'Astragalus membranaceus e la Codonopsis pilosula, entrambe dalla straordinaria valenza eutrofizzante, elasticizzante, ridensificante, ricompattante e ristrutturante dei tessuti dermici, anche i più profondi e difficili da trattare; l'Astragalo, pure conosciuto come Huang-Qi e nativo di Cina settentrionale, Mongolia e Siberia, appartiene alla famiglia delle Fabacee ed è una delle cinquanta erbe fondamentali dell'antica medicina cinese; il suo estratto, in virtù di uno straordinario apporto di saponine e polisaccaridi, è un prezioso adattogeno, aiuta a proteggere la pelle dagli stress meccanici e ambientali e presenta decisi effetti cicatrizzanti, antinfiammatori e immunostimolanti; la Codonopsis, nota anche come Dang Shen o Ginseng dei poveri, è un'erba della famiglia delle Campanulacee che cresce nelle foreste montane di Corea e Cina; il suo estratto, parimenti ricco di polisaccaridi (pari a circa il 4,6% del peso della pianta) e saponine, costituisce un eccezionale fattore tonificante, energizzante, antiradicalico e antinvecchiamento; il risultato fondamentale ottenuto complessando le due piante è la più che efficace e dimostrata scientificamente capacità di ridurre le smagliature con un importante effetto simile al P.R.P. (Platelet Rich Plasma, plasma arricchito di piastrine), innovativa metodica di medicina rigenerativa utilizzata in chirurgia estetica per rinnovare i tessuti (ma anche per accelerare la ricrescita dei capelli); risvegliando i fibroblasti dermici, aumentando la sintesi di fattori di crescita, proteine della matrice extracellulare e collagene nativo, ripristinando la fisiologica compattezza e lo spessore dell'epidermide, il complesso di Astragalo e Codonopsis permette di attenuare in modo rapido e significativo i segni della fatica e del tempo, quali rughe, macchie (discromie o ipercromie non patologiche), cicatrici e, appunto, smagliature, assicurando un sensibile e duraturo miglioramento di aspetto, tono e texture della pelle.

# BENZYL ALCOHOL

Composto organico aromatico dotato di proprietà antisettiche.

# BENZYL ALCOHOL DEHYDROACETIC ACID

A preservative highly tolerated by the skin.

# BETAGLUCAN

Beta-glucan.

# BETULA ALBA LEAF EXTRACT

Glyceric extract of Birch. Obtained from the leaves of white birch and with flavonoids amongst its main constituents, it acts directly on the small vessels of the microcirculation with a specific dual action of decongesting-dereddening and reactivating capillary reinforcement, thanks to a high content of Vitamin C, tannins and triterpenic alcohols. It also shows highly draining, astringent, antiseptic, skin-purifying and skin-protective properties.

# BORAGO OFFICINALIS SEED OIL

(Borage Oil) a perennial herbaceous plant belonging to the family of the Boraginaceae, originally from the Mediterranean area where it still grows wild. It is cultivated in all the temperate regions of the globe (in Italy it is found everywhere from the plains to an altitude of about 1000 m.) with beautiful blue-violet star-shaped flowers. Its name is believed to come from the Latin “borra” (a rough woollen fabric) due to the hairs that cover the leaves. The oil is extracted by cold pressing the seeds. It is without alkaloids and is characterized by a very high content of polyunsaturated fatty acids: linoleic (32-38%), gamma-linolenic (22%-25%), oleic (14%-23%), palmitic (11%), stearic (5%) and alphalinolenic; thanks also to a significant supply of mucilage, flavonoids and prostaglandins, in cosmetics it represents a fundamental emollient, decongesting , antiphlogistic and regulating ingredient of the cellular regenerating processes. It helps maintain the natural degree of moisture and elasticity of the skin, fighting the phenomena of transdermal evaporation. Lastly, it is used in the formulation of softening products against dermatitis, irritation and scaling of the skin (and more in general against dermatological pathologies with an allergic component) as well as an effective restorative and anti-ageing ingredient.

# BUTYL METHOXYDIBENZOYLMETHANE

UVA/UVB sun screen.

# BUTYROSPERMUM PARKII BUTTER

Shea oil.

# BUTYROSPERMUM PARKII BUTTER UNSAPONIFIABLES

Shea oil.

# C10-18 TRIGLYCERIDES

Bio-compatible emollient.

# CAFFEINE

Caffeine.

# CALENDULA OFFICINALIS FLOWER EXTRACT

Calendula extract.

# CAMELIA SINENSIS LEAF EXTRACT

(Glyceric extract of Green Tea). Originally from the regions between India, China and Assam, but now frown in many tropical countries, Camelia Sinensis is a shrub that is in wild state is up to 15m. high but which when cultivated, due to continuous pruning, does not exceed a height of one metre and a half. Germinated, according to the story by Lao-Tse, by the eyelids of Durma, the third son of an important Indian king, it was apparently Duchess Anne of Bedford who started the custom in England of drinking tea at five in the afternoon, a drink imported to Europe from China in the 17th century by the Dutch and which then spread rapidly, despite the mistrusting welcome from the medical world. In cosmetics, a significant percentage of tannins (8-26%) gives tea astringent properties while its content in caffeine and theine make it an important lipolytic agent as well as a stimulant and skin energizer; thanks to its content of polyphenolic derivatives, alkaloids, methylxanthin, theobromine and theophylline in small quantities, adenine and xanthan in traces, Vitamin C, fluoride, proteins, dextrins, essential oil, lipids, mineral salts and flavonoids. Lastly, it is an antioxidant and anti-free radical active ingredient.

# CAPRYLIC/CAPRIC TRIGLYCERIDE ALARIA ESCULENTA EXTRACT

Alaria esculenta extract, seaweed rich in Omega3.

# CAPRYLIC/CAPRIC TRIGLYCERIDES

Vegetable oil derived from coconut.

# CAPRYLIC/CAPRIC TRIGLYCERIDES GELIDIUM CARTILAGINEUM EXTRACT PHYTOSTEROLS

Triglyceride extract of Gelidium CartIlagineum. A red sea algae from which Rhodisterol is extracted, Gelidium cartilagineum is an innovative active ingredient of absolutely natural origin and clinically tested, characterized by a definite lipolytic action even on the deep adipose layers, and recommended specifically for the formulation of shock action cosmetic products against the imperfections due to accumulation of fat or cellulite; very rich in iodine, thanks to its particular molecular structure, it acts directly on the cellular chemical receptors as a “marker” to activate a targeted lipolytic action. It contributes highly effectively to decomposing the excesses of fat in the adipose cells (allowing their elimination through the normal metabolic processes), limiting overloads of fat in the healthy cells and stimulating the action of the fibroblasts, thus fostering the recovery of elasticity and consistency for the dermal and skin tissues.

# CAPRYLIC/CAPRIC TRIGLYCERIDES HIMANTHALIA ELONGATA EXTRACT

In science it is known as HEV (High Energy Visible) a wavelength of light coming from both natural and artificial light typical of screens (smartphone, tablet, pc, televisions and led light). When emitted by the Sun, the blue light has positive effects on the mood, on the memory. Instead, when it comes from screens of electronic devices, it is harmful. First of all, it disturbs the natural heart rhythm, it reduces melatonin and affects the quality of sleep. Moreover, it causes the skin to initiate an important oxidative stress with sagging, spots, greyish colour and smartphone wrinkles. Furthermore, the exposure to the blue light during the night affects the natural rhythm of skin cells that, due to such exposure, keep on working as if it were daytime, compromising their natural night repair process. On average a person spends 6 hours a day in front of the different screens he/she owns and during the tough period of seclusion we have been going through linked to the pandemic, these findings have dramatically increased. A survey taken by 2000 citizens found that the average 65-year-old Italian spends 47 years in front of a screen. Moreover, according to some American dermatologists, spending four 8-hour-working days in front of a computer exposes us to the same amount of energy we get from a 20-minute-exposure to midday sun. Extremely alarming findings that give rise to the awareness of the absolute necessity to defend ourselves from this still little-known pollution form, “BLUE LIGHT POLLUTION” .... a danger as subtle as imperceptible as we do not notice it. Seticrei, after more than a year of studies, has managed to find a natural active principle able to fight this pollution. It is an extract of deionized brown seaweed (consequently, it can be used even by those suffering from thyroid problems) known as “sea spaghetti” because of its shape, it is very rich in alginic acid, potassium, vitamin C, fecosterol and phyto carotenoids. These completely natural active ingredients protect the seaweed from UV rays, blue light and infrared of type A that penetrate a depth of some metres in the ocean.

# CAPRYLYL/CAPRYL GLUCOSIDE

Glucoside of Octile and Decyl. A cocktail of fines oils formulated to give maximum smoothness during massage.

# CARICA PAPAYA EXTRACT

Glycemic extract of Papaya.

# CENTAURA CYANUS FLOWER WATER

Bio cornflower hydrolate with calming powers.

# CENTELLA ASIATICA EXTRACT

Glyceric extract of Centella Asiatic with outstanding skin-regenerating properties.

# CERA ALBA

(Yellow beeswax): a secretion from the Italian Apis mellifera, its composition can vary according to region and season of activity of the precious insects; a skin protection factor, it contains from 50% to 56% of unsaponifiables; solid at ambient temperature, but semi-viscous at body temperature, it is used in cosmetics also to regulate and stabilize their consistency.

# CETEARYL ALCOHOL

Extracted from palms or coconut plants, it is a high-quality emulsifier used as an emollient.

# CETYL ALCOHOL

Extracted from palms or coconut plants, it is a high-quality emulsifier used as an emollient.

# CHAMOMILLA RECUTITA FLOWER EXTRACT

Chamomile extract.

# CI 19140

Tartrazine yellow. The colourings used in the formulations are not simply certified of natural origin, but they are of “food-grade”, much higher than the “cosmetic” level, usually required by the relative regulations.

# CI 42051

Natural food-grade colouring.

# CI 75470

Carmine. A natural pigment widely applied in the food, cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries (and also shown as E120) as a red colouring for water, powders, toothpaste, beauty products etc. It has cosmetic properties deriving from the presence of components such as carminic acid, stearin, coccerin, mineral salts. The colourings used in the formulations are not simply certified of natural origin, but they are of “food-grade”, much higher than the “cosmetic” level, usually required by the relative regulations.

# CI 77491

Inorganic coloring pigments also used in the food sector.

# CI 77492

Inorganic coloring pigments also used in the food sector.

# CI 77499

Inorganic coloring pigments also used in the food sector.

# CITRAL

Citral. a substance contained in very pure essential oils.

# CITRIC ACID

Fruit acids used as preservative.

# CITRONELLOL

Citronellolo (sostanza contenuta negli oli essenziali purissimi).

# CITRUS AURANTIUM DULCIS PEEL OIL

Essential oil of Sweet Orange.

# CITRUS MEDICA LIMONUM FRUIT OIL

Essential oil of Lemon.

# COCO-BETAINE

NAtural surfactant derived from sugar.

# COCO-GLUCOSIDE GLYCERYL OLEATE

Coconut oil.

# COCOS NUCIFERA OIL

Coconut oil.

# COFFEA ARABICA SEED EXTRACT

Glyceric extract of green coffee. The name of Green Coffee refers to the two seeds produced by the ripe fruit of the Coffea Arabica tree.

# CUPRESSUS SEMPERVIRENS LEAF OIL

Essential oil of cypress with outstanding properties to help the peripheral microcirculation.

# CYAMOPSIS TETRAGONOLOBA GUM

Extracted from the seeds of Cyamopsis tetragonoloba, a leguminous plant which has been grown in India and Pakistan for centuries. It is a soluble polysaccharide with exceptional moisturizing and regenerating properties..

# DIAMOND POWDER

# DICAPRYLYL ETHER DECYL GLUCOSIDE GLYCERYL SODIUM COCOYL GLYCINATE

Blend of oils to untangle the hair, surfactant derived from coconut.

# DIEPTIDE DIAMINOBUTYROYL BANZYLAMIDE DIACETATE

Viper venom. A cosmetologically active fraction of the myo-relaxing protein Waglerin-1 which is found in the venom of the bite of the Templar Viper (Tropidolaemus Wagleri), it is a functional tripeptide, specific as an anti-ageing and anti-wrinkle ingredient. Ideal both for preventive treatments dedicated to young skins (under 35) and repairing treatments (under 45) or intensive shock treatments (over 45) for more mature skins or particularly stressed and marked skins; both of natural origin (for this purpose but above all for medical and pharmacological uses there exist today reptile farms with thousands of specimens) which are increasingly often replicated by synthesis in the laboratory (with much better controlled results that are stable and safe), it is a light, odourless, hydrosoluble liquid, similar to bees’ venom, it acts at post-synaptic level, blocking the receptor of acetycholine, effectively preventing it exercising its action and inducing the muscular contraction with effects similar to those obtained with injections of botox which “send to sleep” the mimic muscles responsible for the lines of expression (but it is far simpler to apply, topically on the skin, for example delivered by a common cream), also triggering off dermal reactions which increase the blood flow in the microcirculation and they stimulate the activity of the fibroblasts, accelerate the correct tissue regeneration processes and the consequent production of elastin and collagen. It fosters the removal of dead superficial cells and their replacement and contributes to the renewal and strengthening of the skin, inducing a natural and significant replumping (filler) and tensor (lifting) effect.

# DIETHYLAMINO HYDROXYBENZOYL HEXYL BENZOATE

UVA/UVB solar filter.

# DIPEPTIDE DIAMINOBUTYROYL BENZYLAMIDE DIACETATE

It is a tripeptide (a three-amino acid- peptide) with a molecular weight below 500 da, which means that it is small enough to easily penetrate the skin.

# DISODIUM LAURYL SULFOSUCCINATE

Anionic surfactant that comes from amino acids.

# ERYNGIUM MARITIMUM CALLUS CULTURE FILTRATE

Sea lily stem cells.

# ETHYLHEXYL METHOXYCINNAMATE

Solar filter.

# FOENICULUM VULGARE FRUIT OIL

Essential oil of Fennel.

# GENTIANA LUTEA ROOT EXTRACT

Gentian extract.

# GERANIOL

Geraniolo (sostanza contenuta negli oli essenziali purissimi).

# GLUCOSE

Glucose.

# GLYCERIN

Plant glycerol. From ancient Greek, it means “gentle” and is a fat of natural origin with a very emollient and soothing nature, protecting the skin and mucus. Thanks to its slightly antiseptic properties which make it an excellent natural preservative, it is recommended to fight chapped and irritated skin.

# GLYCERYL STEARATE

Glicerilmonostereato autoemulsionante. Agente stabilizzante di elevato pregio essenziale ove coesistono parte acquosa e parte oleosa. E’ ottenuto dall’esterificazione del glicerolo con acido stearico ( estratto delle piante di cacao e Karatè), quindi costituito da basi auto-emulsionanti polivalenti ricavate da derivati di origine vegetale e rigorosamente privi di peg. Non introduce attività elettrostatica finalizzata al mantenimento della coalescenza tra le fasi acqua e olio. Qualificato ingrediente sicuro dal COSMETIC INGREDIENT REVIER (CIR) EXPERT PANEL, in quanto possiede caratteristiche emollienti proprie.

# GLYCERYL STEARATE CITRATE

A stabilizing agent essential where an aqueous part coexists with an oily part.

# GLYCERYL STEARATE SE

Self-emulsifying glyceryl monostearate. A stabilizing agent of great value characterized by the coexistence of an aqueous part and an oily part. It is obtained from the esterification of glycerol with stearic acid (extracted from cocoa and shea plants), therefore composed of polyvalent self-emulsifying bases resulting from derivatives of vegetable origin and rigorously free of peg. It does not introduce electrostatic activity to keep the coalescence between water and oil phases. The ingredient is qualified as safe by the COSMETIC INGREDIENT REVIER (CIR) EXPERT PANEL, as it possesses emollient characteristics of its own.

# GLYCERYN

Plant glycerol. From ancient Greek, it means “gentle” and is a fat of natural origin with a very emollient and soothing nature, protecting the skin and mucus. Thanks to its slightly antiseptic properties which make it an excellent natural preservative, it is recommended to fight chapped and irritated skin.

# GLYCINE SOJA OIL

Soya oil

# GLYCYRRHETINIC ACID

Natural cortisone derived from liquorice.

# GLYCYRRHIZA GLABRA ROOT EXTRACT

Licorice extract. Glycerolic liquorice extract derived from the rootstock of Glycyrrhiza (from Ancient Greek “sweet root”) glabra, a rustic perennial shrub belonging to the leguminous family. It plays an important refreshing, soothing, antiphlogistic, anti-reddening, decongesting role, it can be used as an aid to the epidermis skin repair process as well as in the lightening process of skin melanin spots.

# GOSSYPIUM HERBACEUM SEED OIL

Cotton-seed oil.

# HAMAMELIS VIRGINIANA LEAF EXTRACT

Hamamelis extract.

# HAMAMELIS VIRGINIANA LEAF WATER

Hamamelis water.

# HEDERA HELIX LEAF EXTRACT

Glycolic extract of Ivy Obtained from the maceration of Hedera helix it has a decongesting, desensitizing and anti-oedema action and this is why it is used as an adjutant in the external treatment of cellulite.

# HELIANTHUS ANNUUS SEED OIL

Sunflower seed oil. Extracted by cold pressing from the HELIANTHUS ANNUUS, a plant of the family of the Composites or Asteraceae with characteristic yellow flowers, it is a skin-friendly oil valued for its very high content of unsaturated fatty acids, Vitamin E, Vitamin B6, pantothenic acid, folates, niacin, minerals and proteins. In cosmetic formulations, it ensures an emollient, refreshing, hydrating and velvetizing action.

# HELIANTHUS ANNUUS SEED OIL LEAF EXTRACT

Estratto di olio di semi di girasole. Estratto per spremitura a freddo dai semi dell’HELIANTHUS ANNUUS, pianta della famiglia delle Composite o Asteracee dai caratteristici fiori gialli, è un olio dermofilo pregiato per il suo elevatissimo contenuto di acidi grassi insaturi, vitamina E, vitamina B6, acido pantotenico, folati, niacina, minerali e proteine.Nelle formulazioni cosmetiche assicura una decisa valenza emolliente, rinfrescante, idratante e vellutante.

# HELIANTHUS ANNUUS SEED OIL ROSMARINUS OFFICINALIS LEAF EXTRACT

Rosemary extract. It has great skin-purifying, astringent and antimicrobial properties. It also has sebum control qualities.

# HELIANTUS ANNUUS SEED OIL ROSMARINUS OFFICINALIS LEAF EXTRACT

(Sistema Antiossidante) Attraverso ripetuti studi microbiologici abbiamo individuato la sinergia di conservanti ad ampio spettro nella percentuale minima sufficiente a garantire il mantenimento ottimale dei prodotti; la qualità e la purezza delle materie prime impiegate permette d’altronde di ricorrere, e solo se necessario, a frazioni veramente minimali del componente antiossidante, peraltro di rigorosa origine vegetale, in quanto prezioso estratto liposolubile di Rosmarino, privo di effetti sensibilizzanti e dotato di caratteristiche cosmetiche proprie: astringenti, purificanti, antisettiche e stimolanti (dall’estratto di rosmarino), ideali per le pelli con tendenza grassa, impura o acneica e per i capelli grassi o con forfora, nonché emollienti, elasticizzanti e dermonutrienti (dall’olio di semi di girasole).

# HELICHRYSUM ITALICUM EXTRACT

Helichrysum extract, a plant known for its anti-inflammatory properties.

# HIERACIUM PILOSELLA EXTRACT

Glyceric extract of Pilosella. Pilosella, a plant in the Compositeae family, is a very powerful ally of the organism thanks to its properties of stimulating excess fluids in the tissues.

# HYDROGENATED OCTYL OLIVATE

Oil.

# HYDROGENATED OLIVE OIL UNSAPONIFIABLES

Shea oil.

# HYDROLYZED ELASTIN

(Marine Elastin) a structural protein giving elasticity to tissues and organs, it is found in the lungs, in the arterial walls, in the intestine and in the skin: a primary constituent of the connective tissues and a base element of the structure network of the skin’s tissue, in synergy with collagen it is at the basis of their elastic response if subjected to mechanical stress (in general after 20-25 years of age, the human organism ceases to produce it). It is at the base of ageing and skin slackening and the appearance of wrinkles, fundamental from the cosmetic point of view and historically used in the preparation of products with an elasticizing action, its contribution, including external (typically through molecules of marine origin) is indispensable in order to recover any deficits due to endogenous causes (age, lifestyle etc.) and/or exogenous (make-up, atmospheric agents, pollution etc.); it is mainly made up of the amino acids glycine, valine, alanine and proline.

# HYDROLYZED GLYCOSAMINOGLYCANS

Glycosaminoglycans.

# HYDROLYZED SILK

(Silk Proteins) From the chemical and conformational point of view, silk is part of the group of protein biopolymers with a fibrous structure; it has two protein constituents; seric fibroin and sericin; the composition of fibroin is qualified by the prevalent presence of glycin (45%) and alanine (30%), amino acids with fundamental emollient and soothing properties, protective of the skin and mucus; sericin, the main protein, has, on the other hand, an outstanding velvetizing and moisturizing character and gives the skin particular softness and leaves it delicately silky to the touch, making the texture finer, smoother, more radiant and more even. Thanks to the low molecular weight the silk proteins can penetrate into the deep levels of the dermis, where their outstanding hygroscopic properties can prevent dehydration as best as possible, keeping the skin smooth and moisturized for a long period of time.

# HYDROXYETHYLCELLULOSE

Molecule obtained by processing plant cellulose. In cosmetology, it is currently considered one of the finest and safest gellifiers, binders and filmforming substances tolerated by the skin.

# HYDROXYPROPYL CYCLODEXTRIN

(Phytodermina Lifting ®) a natural concentrated solution of hydroxypropylbeta-cyclodextrins, cyclic oligosaccharides of starch. It offers all the specific properties of the cyclic sugar molecules, i.e. an accentuated filmforming and tensor effect and outstanding clinically tested moisturizing and revitalizing actions. Its application, recommended for all skin types, immediately induces a definite and prolonged lifting effect and is therefore ideal in elective anti-ageing. both preventive and intensive shock, treatments.

# HYDROXYPROPYL GUAR

Natural rubber.

# HYPERICUM PERFORATUM EXTRACT

Lipophilic hypericum perforatum extract obtained from the blossomed peak, leaves and stems of Hypericum Perforatum, a herbaceous plant belonging to the family of Hypericaceae. Hypericaceae is a very precious reddish-violet active principle that provides tremendous skin protection, restructuring and dermo tonic properties, ideal to prevent and alleviate redness, irritation and erythema as well as soothe the damage caused by UVA radiation.

# HYPERICUM PERFORATUM FLOWER/LEAF/STEM EXTRACT

Lipophilic hypericum perforatum extract obtained from the blossomed peak, leaves and stems of Hypericum Perforatum, a herbaceous plant belonging to the family of Hypericaceae. Hypericaceae is a very precious reddish-violet active principle that provides tremendous skin protection, restructuring and dermo tonic properties, ideal to prevent and alleviate redness, irritation and erythema as well as soothe the damage caused by UVA radiation.

# INULIN LAURYL CARBAMATE

Natural emulsifier and stabiliser.

# JUGLANS REGIA SHELL POWDER

Walnut shell powder. The component responsible for the peeling effect, it is made up of very small particles obtained from the calibrated crushing of the shells of Juglans regia.

# JUNIPERUS COMMUNIS FRUIT OIL

Essential oil of Juniper.

# KAOLIN

A rock mainly made up of kaolinite (silicate mineral of clays). Kaolin, which takes its name from the Chinese region of Kao Ling where the first deposit was discovered, has a fairly soft earthy appearance and it is produced by the action of water on feldspath, the finest of all clays and usually white, even though sometimes it takes on orange and red colours due to the presence of iron oxides; it contains a high percentage of silicon (about 48%) and aluminium (over 36%).

# LAC ASINAE

Donkey milk.

# LACTIC ACID

Lactic acid.

# LECITIN

Soy lecitin.

# LIMONENE

Limonene (a substance contained in very pure essential oils).

# LINALOOL

A substance contained in very pure essential oils.

# LITSEA CUBEBA FRUIT OIL

Essential oil of Litsea. An evergreen tree also known as “Tropical verbena”, it belongs to the family of the Lauraceae, it has fragrance flowers and leaves and small fruit in the shape of peppercorns.. It grows wild in China (where it is called “May chang” and Vietnam, but it is also grown on Formosa and in Japan. The essence, also called “of the Angels” because of its “celestial” aroma, is non-toxic and non-irritant and is obtained from distilling in steam the seeds and leaves of the plant and is appears as a clear straw yellow liquid, with a fresh and intense fruity perfume which recalls the scent of the lemon.

# MACADAMIA TERNIFOLIA SEED OIL

(Macadamia Oil) obtained by cold pressing Macadamia Ternifolia Müller nuts, an evergreen tree of the family of the Protaceae, originally from the south-eastern forests of Australia but today grown also on Hawaii, in Mexico and in some African regions, it appears as a light amber coloured liquid, with low acidity, a neutral aroma and a pleasant and delicate flavour. It glides excellently over the skin and is not greasy to the touch. Used for both food and cosmetics, it is mainly made up of acids: oleic, palmitoleic (essential monounsaturated fatty acid, present in sebum and responsible for the lipid metabolism), linoleic and linolenic, with interesting eudermal properties and a fundamental balancing action on the secretion of fats of the skin considering its resemblance with its acidic content; used in moisturizing cosmetics for dry skins, in anti-ageing formulas, in sun creams and massage oils, it is particularly recommended for the treatment of dull, tired, sensitive or reactive skins, as well as for the formulation of emulsions and oleolytes with an emollient-restorative action; thanks to its sebum-like properties, it is also used in products for the care and treatment of the hair and scalp as, contributing to balancing the lipid secretion of the hair fibre, restoring its correct degree of moisture and fighting dehydration, it leaves hair glossier, softer and silkier..

# MALPIGHIA EMARGINATA FRUIT EXTRACT PULLULAN

Acerola extract.

# MALUS DOMESTICA FRUIT CELL CULTURE EXTRACT

Apple stem cells.

# MANNOSE

Mannose.

# MARIS LIMUS

Dead Sea mud.

# MARIS SAL

Sea salt. The composition of seawater is virtually common to all seas, while the concentration of salts varies, in decreasing order of importance. Its main constituents are (ions): chlorine, sulphate, carbonate, bicarbonate, bromine, fluoride, boron, sodium, magnesium, calcium, strontium and potassium. These elements are fundamental for the optimal functioning of the human cells and metabolism..

# MEL

Honey.

# MENTHA PIPERITA LEAF OIL

Essential oil of mint.

# METHYLENE BIS-BENZOTRIAZOLYL TETRAMETHYLBUTYLPHENOL DECYL GLUCOSIDE PROPYLENE GLYCOL

UVA/UVB sun filter.

# MICA TITANIUM DIOXIDE FLUORPHLOGOPITE

Minerale derivante dal silicato di alluminio.

# MIMOSA TENUIFLORA BARK EXTRACT

Glyceric extract of Mimosa Tenuiflora obtained from the bark of a thorny shrub (Mimosa Tenuiflora) already known to the Maya as the “skin tree” for its capacity to heal ulcers and burns.

# MORINGA OLEIFERA SEED OIL

Moringa oil.

# NARCISSUS TAZETTA BULB EXTRACT

Narcissus extract.

# NELUMBO NUCIFERA ROOT EXTRACT

(Glyceric Extract if Lotus Blossom) A rustic species originally from Asia and Australia, known commonly with the name of “Asian lotus blossom”. The Nelumbum speciosum (or Nelumbo mucifera) us a very beautiful aquatic plant which grows very quickly and is typical of ponds and pools with stagnant water or almost without current. In the Indian tradition, it is synonymous with beauty, prosperity and fertility and it is said that the heart of every human being encloses the spirit of the “sacred lotus”, which represents eternity, purity and the divine and symbolizes life, regeneration and female beauty (in particular the eyes). Its perfumed essence is called the “elixir of the spirit” as it helps in meditation, calming the mind and helping concentration; in cosmetology, thanks to its important content of essential oils, tannins, carbohydrates, nelumbin, zinc and Vitamin C, it claims important emollient, energizing, regenerating and antioxidant properties, stimulates the production of collagen, fosters the growth of the fibroblasts and keratinocytes, supports cellular renewal and gives compactness and tone to all skin types.

# NYMPHAEA LOTUS ROOT EXTRACT

An aquatic plant present in almost all the regions of the world, the water lily lives in fresh and stagnant water (ponds and lakes) or with a weak current. Baptized “nymphea” which means “of the divinity of the waters” in popular tradition, it is appreciated not only for the delicacy and purity of its magnificent white flowers but also for the significant medicinal virtues which in 1975 allowed it to be included in the French pharmacopoeia (for example, although acting as a stimulant of breathing and as a tonic for the heart, its sedative effect makes it an effective remedy against insomnia); at the cosmetic level, the extract, thanks to great emollient, astringent and antiseptic properties, very precious to fight the stress-inducing action of environmental agents (sudden changes in climate, smog, pollution, sun’s rays etc.) it is used as an important softening and soothing ingredients for irritated skin. Thanks to its high content of Vitamin C it is a powerful antioxidant, dermotrophic and restructuring agent, thanks to its alkaloids . Lastly, it relieves the symptoms linked to dermatosis (redness, irritation, peeling), helping the skin to regenerate itself and to stay cooler, elastic and velvety.

# OCTYL METHOXYCINNAMATE

UVA/UVB sun screen.

# OLEA EUROPAEA FRUIT OIL

A fatty acid blend derived from olive oil, potassium olivate and sodium olivate, they are fatty acid salts of olive oil.

# OLEA EUROPAEA LEAF EXTRACT

Olive leaf extract.

# OLEA EUROPAEA OIL

Olive oil.

# OPUNTIA FICUS INDICA SEED OIL

Prickly pear oil.

# OPUNTIA FICUS INDICA STEM EXTRACT

Prickly pear extract.

# PANTHENOL

Panthenol. Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid) is one of the most interesting vitamins in cosmetic use: it is not applied as it is but as provitamin or panthenol, mainly in the active form (D) and its transformation into vitamin takes place only after local application; pantothenic acid is very important for the human organism as it is one of the main constituents of coenzyme-A, an essential factor for the main vital reactions to take place, including the fundamental cellular regeneration; Vitamin B5 has a triple beneficial action on the skin: it is moisturizing, re-epithelizing (it stimulates the growth of new skin cells) and has considerable anti-inflammatory properties; at the biochemical level, it intensifies the synthesis of lipids and fosters the proliferation of the skin’s fibroblasts; it is characterized by very high moisturizing capacities, great tolerability and protects the skin from redness, chapping and small lesions.

# PARFUM

It is not simply a fragrance of higher cosmetic quality, but it is certified by the manufacturer as hypoallergenic and without GMO or their derivatives.

# PHLORETIN NARINGIN MORINDA CITRIFOLIA EXTRACT POLYGLYCERYL-10 LAURATE POLYGLYCERYL-6 OLEATE SORBITAN PALMITATE

Very small liposomes characterized by a low molecular weight. They contain a mix of apple skin extract, morinda extract and Japanese citrus hassaku extract.

# PHOSPHOLIPIDS ESCIN

Liposome of escin extracted from horse chestnut seeds.

# POTASSIUM CETYL PHOSPHATE

Emulsifier.

# POTASSIUM COCOATE

Potassium salt obtained from the fatty acids of coconut.

# POTASSIUM HYDROXIDE CITRIC ACID

Salt. Needed for the pH regulation.

# POTASSIUM SORBATE

Natural preservative derived from salt.

# PROPYLENE GLYCOL CALCIUM CHLORIDE FERRIC CHLORIDE MANGANESE CHLORIDE MAGNESIUM CHLORIDE CUPRIC CHLORIDE ZINC CHLORIDE

Glycolic complex of thermal trace elements.

# PROPYLHEPTYL CAPRYLATE

Emollient.

# PRUNUS AMYGDALUS DULCIS CAVIAR

Caviar oil.

# PRUNUS AMYGDALUS DULCIS OIL

Sweet Almond Oil.

# PRUNUS AMYGDALUS DULCIS OIL CAVIAR

(Liposoluble extract of caviar) Extracted from the well-known sturgeon roe, it is an innovative cosmetic ingredients with outstanding ultra-moisturizing, restructuring and anti-free radical actions, and extraordinary anti-ageing properties with revitalizing effects, similar to a facelift. Its composition, rich in nourishing substances and essential fatty acids of high quality (e.g. omega-3), amino acids (glycine, histidine, asparagine etc.) and proteins with a cellular structure very similar to that of human skin, make it a highly skin-friendly beauty ingredient. Another invaluable substance is vitelline, a mixture of phospholipids and phosphoproteins, essential elements for the skin’s cells as it offers the correct stimulation and regeneration of the cellular metabolism. Important constituent molecules are also: threonine (it takes part in the synthesis of elastin and collagen), leucine (it helps the process of healing wounds), lysine (it helps the synthesis of collagen and cellular repair and contributes to the metabolism of fatty acids and arginine (it boosts the synthesis of collagen and as a consequence the tissue trophism). Lastly, it ensures a considerably supply of vitamins fundamental for the skin (A, D, B1, B2 and B6) and mineral trace elements (Co, Cu, P, Si, Zn).

# PRUNUS ARMENIACA KERNEL OIL

Apricot oil.

# PRUNUS ARMENIACA KERNEL OIL PALMATIC/STEARIC TRIGLYCERIDE

Apricot kernel oil. (Apricot Butter) with a solid consistency at ambient temperature and from white3 to light hazelnut in colour, it is not a native butter but is obtained from the hydrogenation of the oil of apricot kernels (Prunus armeniaca); although it is easier to work and it is more easily absorbed and without greasiness, it keeps intact all the virtues of the original oil; a stabilizing agent and with a consistency with outstanding nourishing, protective, dynamizing and anti-ageing properties for the skin and hair, it is chemically made up of unsaturated fatty acids (oleic, up to 70% and linoleic, up to 30%), vitamins (specifically A and E), minerals (in particular potassium) as well as a very high concentration of antioxidant molecules; it presents important emollient, elasticizing, restorative and revitalizing characteristics, which help keep the trophism and softness of the skin and stimulate the production of sebum, making it particularly useful for mixed, dry, mature or sensitive skins characterized by a scarcity of epidermal lipids, with the presence of wrinkles or stretch marks), also protecting from the damage caused by atmospheric agents such as the cold, the wind and UV rays.

# RIBES NIGRUM SEED OIL

Blackcurrant oil.

# ROSA CANINA FRUIT EXTRACT

Rosehip extract.

# ROSA CENTIFOLIA FLOWER WATER

Centifolia rose water.

# ROSAMRINUS OFFICINALIS LEAF OIL

Rosemary extract. It has great skin-purifying, astringent and antimicrobial properties. It also has sebum control qualities.

# ROSMARINUS OFFICINALIS LEAF EXTRACT

Rosemary extract. It has great skin-purifying, astringent and antimicrobial properties. It also has sebum control qualities.

# ROSMARINUS OFFICINALIS LEAF OIL

Rosemary extract. It has great skin-purifying, astringent and antimicrobial properties. It also has sebum control qualities.

# ROYAL JELLY EXTRACT

Glyceric extract of Royal Jelly.

# SAMBUCUS NIGRA FLOWER EXTRACT

(Glyceric Extract of Elder) one of the richest plants in active ingredients , including caffeic acid, anticyanosides and polyphenols, as well as vitamins (A, B1, B2, B6, C) and mineral salts (sodium, potassium, calcium, phosphorus), the extract obtained from the flowers and berries of Sambucus Nigra has a precious decongesting, emollient, restorative and anti-free radical action, specifically recommended in the treatment of mature skins more subject to capillary fragility (even with couperose, fighting the effects of degradation of subcutaneous collagen).

# SESAMUM INDICUM OIL

Sesame oil.

# SESAMUM INDICUM SEED OIL

Sesame oil.

# SIMMONDSIA CHINENSIS SEED OIL

Jojoba oil.

# SNAIL SECRETION FILTRATE

Pure secretion of HELIX ASPERSA MULLER, the snail secretion trail that the small gastropod leaves behind and with which it rebuilds its own snail; among the best-known and the most effective natural substances for skincare and epidermis regeneration, its employment alone ensures the supply of an extraordinary cocktail composed of priceless molecules: mucopolysaccharides, allantoin, glycolic acid, collagen, elastin e multivitamin complex A/C/E; thanks to the mucopolysaccharides, it permits to maintain proper skin hydration for longer, to support the tissues favouring the maintenance of extracellular epidermic turgor, it facilitates a transdermal delivery that is deeper compared to the other components and acts as a protective barrier against external aggressions. Thanks to allantoin, characterized by particularly soothing and cicatrizing properties, it counteracts the action of free radicals, it stimulates cell renewal regeneration, it increases the speed healing of small skin wounds and it becomes indispensable to slow down the ageing process. Thanks to glycolic acid and its peeling effect, it provides the removal of surface dead cells allowing better skin oxygenation and a more effective penetration of functional compounds. Moreover, glycolic acid is able to stimulate fibroblasts to produce endogenous elastin and collagen, making a crucial contribution to restore the physiological skin elasticity, and it presents itself as having the quintessential astringent, purifying and smoothing action stimulating the skin to regain its radiance and turgor counteracting wrinkles, spots, acne signs and small scars. Finally, it helps the tissue turnover thanks to peptides, it strengthens its own purifying and regenerating value and plays a primary protection role against the spread of external microorganisms that can alter and damage the health and wellness of the epidermis.

# SODIUM BENZOATE

Sodium salt used as preservative.

# SODIUM COCOATE

Coconut oil.

# SODIUM DEHYDROACETATE

Preservative.

# SODIUM HYALURONATE

(Hyaluronic acid) A transparent substance that fills, together with other molecules such as elastin and collagen, the spaces between the fibres of the skin’s tissues and has the prerogative of physiologically slowing down the evaporation and loss of moisture. It is present in abundance in the youngest organisms whilst it decreases with the passing of the years (at 50, for example, only half of the original genetic capital is left); it is precisely for this reason that its molecule is used very successfully in cosmetics and in aesthetic surgery: supplemented transdermally through specific cosmetics, or even injected subcutaneously through micro-infiltrations, it tends to attract and keep the cellular fluids and mix with the hyaluronic acid of the dermis, restoring its initial firmness.

# SODIUM HYDROXIDE

Salt. Needed for saponification.

# SODIUM LAUROYL GLUTAMATE

Emollient for hair.

# SOLUBLE COLLAGEN

(Marine Collagen) By percentage it is the protein most present in the human body (about one-quarter of all the proteins of the organism), it is the most important structural molecule. As well as protecting and supporting the soft and connective tissues with the skeleton, it also plays a fundamental function in the skin’s trophism thanks to its particular three-dimensional structure with a triple helix, having an excellent capacity of retaining water and acting directly on the processes of transdermal loss of liquids. Lastly, it has a great hydrating power. Its primary components include: hydroxyproline, histidine, hydroxylisine and methionine; at cosmetic level its contribution, thanks to the peculiar filmforming and substance-giving characteristics gives the skin the faculty of keeping its natural hydration and ensures a significant increase in elasticity and firmness of the skin in the youngest skins; it effectively fights the onset of signs of time, visibly reduced the depth of the most marked wrinkles and reconstructs the dermal tissue giving smoother, more toned and more vital skin.

# SORBITOL

Natural sweetener.

# STEARIC ACID

Natural emulsifier obtained from glycerol.

# STEARYL ALCOHOL

Natural emulsifier from coconut extract.

# TETRASODIUM GLUTAMATE DIACETATE

Chelating agent that reduces the superficial tension increasing the cleansing power and is extracted from the Indian plant cassia angustifolia.

# THIOCTIC ACID

Alpha-Lipoic acid. Also known as thioctic acid and sometimes shown as Vitamin N, it is a coenzyme which plays a leading role in the natural cellular metabolic processes of animals and plants; synthesized biochemically, it is in the form of a yellow crystalline powder, soluble both in organic solvents and (although to a lesser extent) in water; it is considered as an anti-free radical and excellent universal anti-inflammatory, as it has an antioxidant capacity that is 400 times greater than that of Vitamin E. It can regenerate, boost and prolong the action of this and other antioxidants such as Vitamins A and C, coenzyme Q and glutathione and is the only antioxidant that is active both in an aqueous phase (cytoplasmatic) and lipid one (of the cellular membranes), therefore protecting the organism both from intracellular free radicals and from those outside the cell; a scavenger molecule on lipid and protein catabolites, (it therefore fights both the oxidation of fats and proteins) and protective of collagen and cellular lipids. In cosmetology it is used in the treatment of slackening and weakness of the epidermis, skin ageing and wrinkles (including following damage from exposure to UV rays, whether of the sun or artificial). It is also an effective astringent, sebum-regulating and dermoplastic ingredient against the excessive production of sebum, open pores and scars caused by acne as well as, lastly, an extraordinary soothing, dereddening, antiphlogistic and dynamizing action on the peripheral microcirculation against dark circles, bruises, redness and couperose.

# TILIA CORDATA FLOWER EXTRACT

Linden blossom extract.

# TILIA CORDATA FLOWER WATER

Organic linden blossom water with important soothing properties.

# TITANIUM DIOXIDE

Titanium dioxide. Pigment with a high covering power and precious mineral filters used to complement chemical sunscreens.

# TITANIUM DIOXIDE (CI 77891)

Titanium dioxide. Pigment with a high covering power and precious mineral filters used to complement chemical sunscreens.

# TOCOPHEROL

(Vitamin E) A hydrosoluble form of Vitamin E (tocopherol). It is characterized by extraordinary antioxidant properties that can block the cascade of events which cause oxidative stress and reduce the formation and reactivity of the free radicals, the cause of the well-known damage to cells and at the basis of the ageing processes; characterized by an excellent affinity with the skin, it is far more stable that the vitamin in a free form, more hydrosoluble and, as a consequence, more suitable for being included in a cosmetic formulation; it protects from the action of UV rays and thanks to its contribution in limiting the loss of moisture from the epidermis and maintaining the skin’s moisture, it keeps skin smooth, soft, toned and elastic; for its antioxidant value, it is included in many cosmetics of a higher quality not only as a skin-protective agent, but also as a natural preservative of the other components in the formula.

# TOCOPHERYL ACETATE

Vitamin E.

# TRIETHYL CITRATE

Natural ester that counteracts the onset of unpleasant odours.

# TRIPLEUROSPERMUM MARITIMUM EXTRACT

Sea chamomile extract. It has a soothing effect that limits muscle contractions and prevents wrinkle formation. It also stimulates the production of collagen and has an antiseptic, anti-inflammatory and antibacterial action.

# URTICA DIOICA LEAF EXTRACT

Nettle extract.

# VACCINIUM MYRTILLUS FRUIT EXTRACT

Glyceric extract of bilberry. It is obtained from the prolonged maceration of bilberries. It acts at the level of the microcirculation, increasing the resistance of the capillary walls.

# VIOLA TRICOLOR EXTRACT

Violet extract.

# VITIS VINIFERA SEED EXTRACT

Grape seed oil.

# VITIS VINIFERA SEED OIL

(Grapeseed Oil). Extracted from the small seeds of grapes (Vitis Vinifera), it is an oil with great stability and quality for its high content of vitamin factors, unsaturated fatty acids, tocopherols and polyphenols (procyanidines). The last named, with outstanding anti-free radical and anti-ageing properties, have a great emollient, soothing, protective action and help the trophism of the tissues of the microcirculation, as well as being anti-oedema and anti-inflammatory. Fifty times more powerful than that developed by Vitamin E, thanks to its particular composition, it is ideal for more delicate, sensitive, reactive or intolerant skins, but it is also one of the few oils recommended for oily, impure skins or with a tendency to acne. The significant supply of Vitamin F and fatty Omega-3 and 6 acids make it an important component with a relaxing, elasticizing and firming action, also perfect pure for a precious aesthetic massage which does not even require the final inconvenience of rinsing.

# XANTHAN GUM

Vegetal rubber. One of the most widely used natural gellifiers. It is obtained from the fermentation of corn starch.

# ZINC OXIDE (CI 77947)

Zinc oxide with soothing power.



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